Drive Shaft Test Results

Driveshaft Test Reports

The XYO technology shows significant improvements in driveshaft performance during independent studies. Perpetual Industries wants to work with innovative automotive manufacturers to optimize and implement the XYO balancer in their product.
Contact us to see how your product can beat the competition using XYO

The XYO technology reduces vibration by compensating for variable mass imbalance during operation of a drive shaft. Tests show that a prototype XYO balancer significantly reduces drive shaft vibration. Additional benefits of reducing vibration include:

  • Lower manufacturing costs by eliminating conventional balancing
  • Better transmission of power
  • Reduced noise during operation
  • Improved fuel efficiency
  • Longer product life and reduced wear to adjoining components

Drive Shaft

Vibration Decreased by 91%

Drive Shaft Balance results

Without XYO

With XYO


  • The results in this report are based on prototype XYO balancer designs. While the results shown are significantly positive, it is possible to exceed and improve upon these results with optimization.
  • Perpetual Industries is looking for a capable partner that needs the competitive advantage that XYO can provide.

The primary cause of drive shaft vibration is mass imbalance due to manufacturing tolerances, defects, uneven welding, among others. During normal operation, erosion or build-up of debris (Figure 2) can also contribute to the mass imbalance leading to violent vibration.


The purpose of this test was to evaluate the ability of the XYO balancer technology to automatically balance an automotive drive shaft (Figure 2).


Examples of Drive Shafts

A test rig was built in order to evaluate the performance of the XYO technology (Figure 3).

Stub shafts were connected to each end of the main shaft universal joints. The stub shafts were supported by two bearings mounted to a rigid plate.

The driveshaft’s rotational velocity was measured by an optical key-phasor. Four velocity transducers were used to measure vibration at the differential end and the driven end.

Two prototype XYO balancers were mounted, one at each end of the driveshaft. One XYO balancer was mounted on the slip yoke at the driven end as shown in Figure 4. The other XYO balancer was mounted on the 4” shaft close to the yoke located at the differential end.

Mass imbalances of 6.86oz-in and 9.14oz-in were applied at either end of the driveshaft and tested with and without the prototype XYO balancers; the test conditions were as follows:

  • No mass imbalance
  • 6.86oz-in at differential end
  • 9.14oz-in at driven end
  • 6.86oz-in at differential end & 9.14oz-in at driven end

Vibration measurements were taken from 1500RPM to 2250RPM to show the benefits of the XYO balancer over a large operating range of the driveshaft.

Results were measured in the vertical axis at the differential end from 1500RPM to 2250RPM, which was the actual operating speed range of the drive shaft. Figures 5 to 8 show the significant impact that the XYO balancer had on the vibration of a drive shaft. Vibration values are compared at Tables 1, at 2250RPM; this was the nominal drive speed during operation.

Drive Shaft Graphs

Without XYO

With XYO


Line Graphs of Data

Without XYO

With XYO

Line Graphs of Data

Table 1. Summary of vibration results for drive shafts at 2250RPM

Balancing Results

The XYO technology shows tremendous improvements in vibration (91%) of driveshafts. The prototype XYO balancers consistently reduced vibration of the driveshaft over a range of operating speeds and mass imbalance conditions; this demonstrates the versatility of the XYO technology.

Manufacturers of motorized components can see significant performance improvements in their products if they choose to implement the XYO technology. XYO can create a strong market advantage for innovative companies by providing their customers with better performing and more durable products that outlast the competition.

Drive Shaft TestedTwo prototype XYO balancers were successfully applied to driveshafts. The significant (91%) reduction in vibration was observed and can lead to these additional benefits:

  • Reduced manufacturing costs as conventional methods of balancing drive shafts can be replaced
  • Reduced mechanical wear on components such as bearings and universal joints
  • Increased product reliability
  • Eliminated need to rebalance driveshafts as the XYO balancer will automatically and continuously do so
  • Increased energy efficiency and better power transmission

Perpetual Industries wants to work with a capable and innovative driveshaft manufacturer to optimize and implement the XYO technology and provide a strong competitive advantage in the market.